History of Photo Editing and Photo Manipulation (2023)

What was the beginning of the history of photo editing and photo manipulation? How did it look like before famous image editors emerged? How did the world's first methods for improving pictures come about? By the way, many of them are popular even today.

Brief History of Photography

Everything in the world has its beginning. Everything is constantly growing and improving. The history of photography developed gradually as well. It is directly related to the photographic equipment evolution (cameras, lenses, flashes, etc.). This article is a kind of a visual timeline of photographic history.

The First Photo in the World

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In 1826, the Frenchman Joseph Nicéphore Niépce surprised many people by taking the first photograph in the world. It was created using the “camera obscura” on a tin plate covered with a thin layer of Syrian asphalt. The oldest photograph in existence depicted a view from the Niépce’s workshop window. It was created within 8 hours, continuously being in direct sunlight.

The First Color Photograph

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Undoubtedly, the emergence of the world's first color photography has influenced the development of photography editing significantly. The oldest color photo was taken by James Clerk Maxwell.

An English physicist experimented with color filters to achieve this result. He combined three images with different filters (green, red, and blue) to get the photo. The scientist often showed it to his students. Maxwell’s picture left its mark on the photography history and image manipulation.

Creation of a Modern Photo Paper

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This event also occupies an important place in the history of photo manipulation. In 1879, J. Swan opened the first production of special gelatin-based halogen-silver photo paper, which has become the main element in the production of photo paper and is still used in industrial manufacturing today.

By this time, workers involved in the production of photographic prints could already slightly adjust the tonality and contrast of the image.

The Beginning of the Kodak Company

History of Photo Editing and Photo Manipulation (4) Thomas Edison - founder of GE; Eastman - founder of Kodak

After a trip to England, the American banker George Eastman opened his "Eastman Dry Plate Company” in America in 1880. It was later renamed and registered as “KODAK” in 1888, starting its long and eventful history of Kodak company.

Moreover, the first camera of this brand was released in the summer of the same year. This event sped up the development of photo manipulation history.

Photographic Film Starts to Gain Worldwide Popularity

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The history of photography continued. In 1884, D. Eastman received a patent for roller film on a paper substrate and cassette, which was a great innovation.

After that, in 1888, D. Eastman received a patent for a portable camera, which housed this roller film. In 1889, the mass production of the film started.

The First Camera of the Iconic Company Leica

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In 1911, Oskar Barnack started working in the German company Leitz. He made a huge contribution to the further development of the history of photo editing. Thanks to his efforts and research, in 1925, a new type of small-format camera, which worked on a standard film, went on sale.

It was called Leica I (the name came from the merging of two words – “Leitz” and “Camera”).

Beginning of the Instant Photography History

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In 1948, Polaroid made a breakthrough in photography by launching the Polaroid Land 95, which opens the era of instant photography.

  • Check out good instant cameras.

Transition to Digital Cameras

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In 1975, Kodak engineer Steven Sassoon designed and introduced the first digital camera to the public and start history of digital cameras. The matrix of this camera had 0.1 megapixels resolution.

The growing public interest in photography required a more convenient model and mass production. In 1988, FUJI introduced a truly portable FUJI DS-1P digital photo camera.

Retouching Before Photoshop

Today, each of us uses Photoshop or Lightroom to improve almost every image. What did people do before to change their pictures? The history of photo editing began to develop gradually since the advent of the first cameras.

Nevertheless, it is worth noting that this process was quite complicated. It required a lot of time and financial costs. Only the richest photographers could afford to slightly change their images.

However, photo equipment was developing, and new editing technologies appeared, which became available to more people.

(Video) History of Photo Manipulation

The World's First Photo Editing in History

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In 1841, William Henry Fox Talbot patented calotype, the first practical photographic process that created a negative that could generate multiple copies. Just five years later, in 1846, the first famous example of photo manipulation was documented by Talbot's colleague Calvert Richard Jones.

Jones took a photograph of five Capuchin monks on the roof of a building in Malta, but while four of the monks were gathered in a group, the fifth one was placed a few feet behind them.

Jones did not like how this fifth monk destroyed the integrity of the scene and painted over the figure on the negative using Indian ink. In a positive print, the place where the fifth monk stood began to look like a white patch of sky.

How the Photoprocess Was Changing

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Over the next 30 years, by 1878, the wet plate collodion process was invented, followed by gelatin-silver (dry) photoprocesses. They are one of the most important examples of manipulation in history.

Both of these processes used glass negatives at first, which were well suited for manual image retouching. Negatives from the flexible film became popular after 1913 and were also retouched using the same methods.

How Was the Image Retouching Process Carried Out?

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The image retouching process always proceeded according to one scenario, regardless of the type of negative, and was unchanged for a long time in the history of photo manipulation. After exposing the negative in the camera, it was processed with chemicals in the “darkroom” in order to develop and then fix the resulting image.

Some photographers varnished the negative to protect it from damage, while others preferred to retouch the negative first, and only then preserve it.

Image retouching was carried out on a special table. This is a device with a variable inclination angle of the working surface. The negative was placed on a special frame and shone through from behind using an adjustable mirror or any other reflective surface.

There were curtains on top and sides. They helped avoid stray light.

Even the Location of the Table Was Very Important

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Meanwhile, the history of photo manipulation is moving to a new level. According to the manual for retouchers of 1898, the photo editor had to place his or her desk in front of a window facing north, because the light on the north side was “less changeable.”

Most of the manipulations were carried out on the negative side, coated with emulsion. The manual also stated that it was necessary to make a test print in order to determine more accurately which parts of the image require correction.

Face Retouching as the Exquisite Workmanship

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For such detailed work, retouchers used a blade similar to a surgeon's scalpel. This process has been called etching. It was a very delicate procedure. Only experienced retouchers were allowed to do it.

Portrait photographers considered etching an invaluable part of perfecting their clients’ images. This process took a worthy place in the history of film editing timeline. As soon as the retoucher finished lightening certain areas, he or she proceeded to darken the other ones, using a hard graphite pencil or brush dipped in ink or watercolors.

However, first, the picture editor had to prepare the surface of the negative to make it stickier. He or she polished the negative with pumice powder or cuttlefish bone very delicately.

Then paint or a special image retouching mixture was used (a liquid based on turpentine mixed with balsam or resin). This method had a great advantage. The dried layer of this mixture could be removed very easily in case of a mistake.

  • Find out more about Photoshop history.

The Main Difficulties of Photographers in the Past

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On the path of history of photography editing development, photographers and retouchers faced many difficulties. For example, they had to take many pictures to choose only the worthiest one.

In addition, the models had to spend long hours in the studio to get perfect portrait shots. Undoubtedly, the emergence of Photoshop and Lightroom became a new stage in the history of photo editing.

Image Retouching in the 20th Century

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Let us scroll the history of photo manipulation a bit back and stop in the middle of the 20th century. At this time, the geniuses of photography enter the scene. For example, a world-renowned American journalist and professional photographer, Magnum Photos employee Dennis Stock.

His photograph, "The Portrait of James Dean in Times Square," was among the "photographs that impressed the world" list according to The Times newspaper. Nevertheless, would this picture have become so amazing if Magnum Photos retouchers had not worked on it?

(Video) Old World Photoshop: VANILLA SKIES, Early Photo Manipulation and Compositing Unveiled

What Has Changed Today?

History of Photo Editing and Photo Manipulation (17) Portrait of actress Joan Crawford taken by George Hurrell, 1931

Modern image retouching techniques are improving every day, making the lives of many people involved in photography easier. Today, anyone can easily remove or add any element to the photo.

When editing portraits, retouchers can enhance skin tone, remove its imperfections, whiten the teeth, and perform tons of other actions. However, it is necessary to study the history of photo editing to know where it all began and in which direction to move on in the future.

History of Photo Manipulation in Timeline

As you have understood from the examples of manipulation in history, it was a hard task requiring a lot of patience for a photo maker to get an interesting shot. If their goal was to get a breathtaking and attention-grabbing picture, they would have had to transport all the heavy equipment back and forth until some fascinating thing occurred next to them.

For taking nature shots like a sunrise or sunset they would have to get to the place before that happens and set their equipment and wait.

The First Experiment

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The experiments begin in the 1860s, a few decades after Niepce create the first photograph in 1814. What seems today like the most recognizable and oldest photograph in existence, the solemn and powerful portrait of Abraham Lincoln is nothing but a collage. His head was skillfully joined with John Calhoun’s body.

  • Read more about photo manipulation ideas that are being used today.

Adding Those Who Missed the Photoshoots

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Already in the 1910s, commercial studios offered a manipulation editing service of joining some people that were not able to come for taking the group portrait. Such agencies use several separate pictures for this purpose.

Changing History

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A photograph from 1937. The picture shows the meeting of the Nazis with the Leni Riefenstahl family. Joseph Goebbels was completely removed from the original photograph.

What reasons for photo editing Hitler gave is not specified so we don’t know how the Minister of Propaganda displeased him but at that time there were unwanted rumors about the connections between Joseph and Leni.

Creation of Heroic Images

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Here is an interesting example of the history of photo editing from 1942. Benito Mussolini is riding a horse, raising his sword above his head. To make it look magnificent, the stableman was removed from the photograph.

Interesting Tricks from National Geographic

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1982: A famous case in the history of photo manipulation from National Geographic. The photographer, Gordon Gahan, took a great picture of the pyramids for the main story of the magazine about Egypt.

But the picture didn’t fit the format of the cover, so a decision was to “squeeze” two pyramids together. Tom Kennedy, the next director of the magazine, stated his disapproval of such methods. He said that they admitted that was a mistake and learned to avoid manipulations done for the sake of a more compelling graphic effect, assuring that this would not be repeated anymore.

  • Read more about National Geographic best photos without landscape retouching.

Glossy Magazines Didn’t Miss New Opportunities

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1989: Another famous case in the photo manipulation history appeared in TV Guide. As an advertisement for a daytime talk-show, the magazine had a photograph of Oprah Winfrey on the cover.

At least the top part of the photograph was her, but the whole body belonged to the actress Ann-Margret and was taken from a 10-year-old picture. Neither of them gave permission for such a collage and the act itself was uncovered by the actress’s fashion designer because the dress was recognizable.

Age of Realistic Changes in Photos

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1997: This story was covered by many periodicals and the same picture of Kenny and Bobbi McCaughey was used, shot after the birth of the septuplets. Time put the unaltered image on its cover, exposing Newsweek with this action because the latter performed some image retouching.

There were many accusations following this attempt of beautifying Bobbi by straightening her teeth. Looking at the history of film editing timeline, you won’t encounter such subtle transformations but in the 90s the digital cameras combined with powerful computers made it possible to do a whole different type of image editing.

With that, it became more difficult to detect signs that can reveal if a photo is fake.

Ideal Works of Our Time

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2009: A touching example of photo manipulation as a part of a series of shots from Vanity Fair dedicated to the actor-director dynamics. A photo of Heath Ledger (who died in 2008) from the promotion of an earlier movie was used, with Christopher Nolan on the left skillfully inserted in the frame with the help of a computer.

Popular Tricks of the Past

In the early history of photo manipulation, a photographer already had a few tricks he/she could use to improve the result. Most commonly, they combined printing, exposure variations, photomontage techniques, and alterations on the negative.

(Video) 10 Manipulated Historic Photos

From the very beginning, people wanted to improve the photos, much the same as people do now with the use of computer programs. In the earlier times, people wanted to see the missing or even deceased relatives in their shots, do artistic experiments, and express political satire with their help.

Ghost Photos

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Probably the most touching part of the history of photo manipulation is the pictures where living people are joined with those who passed away. You won’t be too wrong supposing that this was where the history of Photoshop should be starting.

People were longing to stand next to those they loved, at least in an image if that was no possibility in reality. We know now that those were not ghosts.

Photo manipulators had to take two different shots taken most likely in different times and places and combine them into one. It sounds easy now but back then that was a hard task to make the final image realistic.

Vivid Satire

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Some photographers occupied themselves with revealing the flaws of the political movements of those times. You can find many striking and controversial entries in the history of photojournalism timeline, such as the one below. The name John Heartfield, or rather the pseudonym of a German photographer Helmut Herzfeld, is particularly strongly connected to this such satire, with many works expressing his attitude towards the World War II and its leader.

His works were so powerful that he is considered the founder of a direction called political photomontage.

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Despite living in Germany, he was opposed to the regime so strongly that he created and published those satire pictures risking his own life every day. In any book on the history of photo editing, you will find Heartfield's name mentioned numerous times.

He used symbolism, alienation, and satire, expressing his opinions in the collages, and many were influenced by these laconic messages. Exposing fascism as his greatest enemy, he put the major figures of this movement and those, who provided them support as main characters.

Humorous Photos

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Another large chapter in the history of photo editing that would look rather out of place nowadays but had enormous popularity in its time is devoted to such odd images as you can see here.

One of the most known examples is that of a fish eating men, which retained its popularity for quite a long time.

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Another common humorous image is people wearing super-hero outfits. Those filled in a large part of the history of Photoshop usage, or any other similar program, and no doubt assisted in developing certain features.

It was in fashion to get such pictures while you were traveling, but not necessarily only then. The main reason for getting them was the desire to laugh, but this silly thing helped software developers push forward the programs that are now an indispensable part of our lives.

Photos of Whole Teams

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Such group photos that have been altered are a great part of the history of image editing. Most commonly, people would be either added to or deleted from such group shots. If you check out a visual timeline of photographic history, you will see many examples of such manipulated photos as that was the most widespread trick.

With time, photographers and photo manipulators learned to do it better, removing not only people but other items. They would often use this to alter team photos taken before someone dropped out of it, which allowed the teams to avoid constantly taking new pictures.

This is often used for images of teams playing sports. We can still find this type of photo manipulation today, in our wedding photos or, sometimes, family portraits.

Famous and Interesting Works of the Past

More than a century and a half ago, photographers already developed some photo editing skills needed for various purposes. For example, it was difficult to set an exposure for landscape photography in which the sky would not be overexposed.

Therefore, they combined two images, each exhibiting a different exposure, and then connected them along the horizon line. The advertising industry has resorted to photo manipulation in order to improve the look of the merchandise being promoted.

The art community has also found the potential to manipulate narrative and surrealistic images in image manipulation. I have prepared 10 examples, as they seemed to me, interesting and creative photo manipulations of the past.

1. The Ghost of Lincoln

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Probably the most famous picture in the history of photo editing This is a shot of Abraham Lincoln’s wife taken in 1870 after he passed away and at that time people were convinced that a real ghost was captured in this photo. Are you wondering whether this is a great joke or an otherworldly phenomenon?

  • Read more about optical illusion photography samples, created without Photoshop.

2. Double Exposure of the Past

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(Video) Exposing Victorian Influencers Who 'Facetuned' Their Photos. (Photo Manipulation was EVERYWHERE 🤯)

This photograph can rightly be considered the ancestor of the Double Exposure, which was also made quite realistic for the year 1855. The author of the photo remained unknown.

  • Read more about Double Exposure tips.

3. Fingers of Fate - the Tightening Grip

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In one Munich postcard from 1914 a giant German footsoldier is bashing together the heads of the Triple Entente soldiers representing France, England, and Russia. The postcard has a humorous caption saying “powerful collision.”

One of the greater examples of photo editing followed a couple of years later in England, where a publisher put out a card depicting a large hand that with tightening grip around Kaiser Wilhelm II, with pictures of the Allied leaders carefully placed on fingernails and the wrist.

4. Pump

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In this image from 1899, an unknown author decided to add a bit of humor and created the effect of a pump-inflated head of the main character.

5. A Woman in a Champagne Glass

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Howard S. Redell created this photo manipulation in 1930 and he managed to place a naked girl in a beautiful transparent glass quite realistically. At the same time, we can see that the retoucher tried to create small drops of water around the model.

6. An Airship Moored at Empire State Building, New York

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An interesting photography editing trick, which doesn’t immediately look deceptive due to preserving the realistic size of the airship and skyscraper. The photograph is from 1930, the author, unfortunately, is unknown.

7. A Man on a Roof with 11 Men on His Shoulders

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The photo of an unknown author, which dates back to 1930 and is quite recognizable among users as it looks very unusual, and the men around manage to create a perfect circle with almost all parts of the body.

8. Dream No. 1: Home Electrical Appliances

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An interesting example of photo manipulation from 1948 in which the lamp support is replaced by a young attractive woman. It is worth noting that the retoucher was able to connect the hand of a man and the girl herself very realistically.

9. Me + the Cat

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It seems to me that a photo of Wanda Walz from 1932 is an old prototype of modern applications that add animals and various masks to the person’s face.

10. Jerry N. Uelsmann, 1976

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Jerry N. Uelsmann is a photographer, who was one of the first in America to become interested in photo montage, and this photo is proof of his professionalism. It seems that his pictures were not created in the last century, but today with Photoshop.

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Ann Young

(Video) Photo Editing vs Photo Manipulation: Is There a Limit? [Podcast Snippet]

Hi there, I'm Ann Young - a professional blogger, read more


History of Photo Editing and Photo Manipulation? ›

The first known example of photo editing happened in the 1860s to a photo of President Abraham Lincoln. Before the invention of computers, people had to edit images by hand. Some editing was done by pasting photos together. People also used tools like ink, paint and airbrushes.

What is the history of photo editing? ›

The first known example of photo editing happened in the 1860s to a photo of President Abraham Lincoln. Before the invention of computers, people had to edit images by hand. Some editing was done by pasting photos together. People also used tools like ink, paint and airbrushes.

When was photo manipulation invented? ›

In 1860 a photograph of the politician John Calhoun was manipulated and his body was used in another photograph with the head of the president of the United States, Abraham Lincoln. This photo credits itself as the first manipulated photo.

Who started image manipulation? ›

In 1841, William Henry Fox Talbot patented calotype, the first practical photographic process that created a negative that could generate multiple copies. Just five years later, in 1846, the first famous example of photo manipulation was documented by Talbot's colleague Calvert Richard Jones.

What is the difference between photo editing and photo manipulation? ›

Photo editing improves the quality of the images, whereas photo manipulation makes modifications to the image itself– by adding or removing elements. Photo editing requires simple imagery tools to fix the brightness or contrast.

What is the origin of editing? ›

The use of film editing to establish continuity, involving action moving from one sequence into another, is attributed to British film pioneer Robert W. Paul's Come Along, Do!, made in 1898 and one of the first films to feature more than one shot.

What are the old photo manipulation techniques? ›

Before Photoshop, there were numerous photo manipulation techniques such as dodging and burning, vibrating while exposing, scratching the negatives, blurring, airbrushing, painting the negatives, coloring, etc.

What is another name for photo manipulation? ›

Photo manipulation – popularly known as “Photoshopping” (a word that Adobe hates by the way!)

What is photo manipulation called? ›

Photoshopping is a verb for photograph manipulation as a genericized trademark of Adobe Photoshop.

Why is photo manipulation an ethical issue? ›

Realistic and artistic images

But for images meant to show reality, manipulation can create big problems. While it's common for news media to make minor changes like cropping or lighting adjustments, it's unethical for journalists to edit a photo in a way that changes its meaning or misleads viewers.

How did people edit photos before computers? ›

They had paint, ink and a trusty tool called an airbrush. Airbrushes are still widely used tools, in Fine Art and in the Makeup industry.

How were photos manipulated before the digital age? ›

The tools that photo retouchers used in the pre-digital age were basic, such as scissors, knife, gelatin, opaque watercolors, and airbrush. Retouchers basically painted right on the surface of the black and white print, which was then put back under a copy camera and rephotographed.

What are the types of image manipulation? ›

Image manipulation techniques can be divided into two categories: homogenous and heterologous. Copy-move is the most common homogenous manipulation technique, whereas removal and splicing are widely used heterologous manipulation techniques.

What is the importance of photo manipulation? ›

While in photo enhancement, slight skin imperfections or blemishes are removed, for manipulation you can witness drastic modifications, thus making sure that the image looks amazing or unrealistically wonderful, as used in ads.

What is the most important aspect of image manipulation? ›

However, the primary aim of an image manipulation package is to enhance the appearance of an image.

Is photo manipulation considered as graphic design? ›

Through the art of photo manipulation, you are able to transcend your image into a true piece of art, Whereas, image manipulation can be done through the use of various image editing tools or software. It is a blend between photography and graphic design.

When was editing first invented? ›

In 1898, Robert Paul made the one-minute short comedy, "Come Along, Do!", of which only 38 seconds survive today. This is generally considered to be the first edited film. Simply put, where one scene follows another.

What are the three main types of editing? ›

The tasks that an editor performs can be grouped broadly into three types: substantive editing, copyediting and proofreading.

What was the first editing system? ›

1924: The Moviola—the first video editing machine—is introduced, allowing editors to, for the first time, make edits while simultaneously viewing their film. 1934: The Academy Awards present the first-ever Oscar for Best Film Editing (awarded to Conrad A.

How was photo editing done before Photoshop? ›

Photographs were retouched by hand using paint or ink, pieced together in the darkroom from separate photographs. Airbrushing as a term is still in use today, though the technique originated much earlier. All these required a degree of artistic skill and, for some, access to a darkroom.

What kind of art is photo manipulation? ›

Referred to as 'modern surrealism', photo manipulation often involves blending photos, graphics and other visual elements together to create bizarre, out-of-this world artworks and effects.

Were old photographs manipulated? ›

Photography lost its innocence many years ago. In as early as the 1860s, photographs were already being manipulated, only a few decades after Niepce created the first photograph in 1814.

What are 2 synonyms of manipulation? ›

to control or take advantage of by artful, unfair, or insidious means the con man would slyly manipulate the emotions of his marks in order to win their sympathy and trust. Synonyms & Similar Words. Relevance. exploit. deceive.

What are the 6 basic image manipulation techniques? ›

What Are Image Manipulation Techniques?
  • Image Rendering.
  • Create a shadow.
  • Proportion.
  • Texture Application.
  • Stock Image Selection.
  • Colour Combination.
  • Emphasis on the smallest details.
  • Image Combination.
Aug 2, 2021

What came before Photoshop? ›

It came with an image-processing software package called Barneyscan XP. By 1990, the software could be bought separately and, having been licensed by Adobe Inc., was now known as Photoshop.

What is unethical photo editing? ›

According to DoDI 5040.02 policy, any alteration to DoD imagery that misinterprets or changes the scene or object is unethical and not permitted. However, it allows for corrective techniques that help achieve an accurate recording of an event or object.

Is a manipulated photo still real? ›

The answer to the question is always “yes” because all photos are edited and manipulated. They always have been. Even photos that are very realistic are no more an objective, “real” representation of reality than is a watercolor painting.

Is it wrong to edit photos? ›

Editing an image is not a general violation of any rule in photography. It only violates rules when it doesn't meet its specific purpose. People can do what they want, but there are consequences. When the editing is done properly, it should be fine.

Do you think photo manipulation is wrong? ›

There isn't any harm in manipulating a photo; it only becomes so if you try to pass it off as real. In some cases, you'll see a manipulated image that the photographer claims is real. This can be harmful since it's viewed as real-life rather than an image with added artistic expression.

What was the first photo method? ›

The daguerreotype, the first photographic process, was invented by Louis-Jacques-Mandé Daguerre (1787–1851) and spread rapidly around the world after its presentation to the public in Paris in 1839.

What were the first photography techniques? ›

Daguerreotypes are often considered the first practical form of photography. The process was invented by Louis Jacques Mande Daguerre in 1839, and the richness and detail of the images surpasses even those of modern photographic techniques.

Who was the first to manipulate photographs to make them appear to move while at the same time projecting them on a screen? ›

Eadweard Muybridge (/ˌɛdwərd ˈmaɪbrɪdʒ/; 9 April 1830 – 8 May 1904, born Edward James Muggeridge) was an English photographer known for his pioneering work in photographic studies of motion, and early work in motion-picture projection.

How has photography changed since it was first invented? ›

There have been many changes in photography over the last two centuries that we have used it. We have gone from posing for several minutes to quick snapshots. The digital revolution has enhanced the way we see the world. Digital photos are quick, capturing a millisecond of time.

What was the first photographic technology that used negatives? ›

The daguerreotype was the first mode of photography ever invented, while the calotype was the first negative to positive photographic technology, providing the basis for photographic technologies still in use today.

What tools used to edit and manipulate your image? ›

Adobe Photoshop has set a gold standard for image editing and manipulation.

Which software is preferred for image manipulation? ›

Adobe Photoshop

Photoshop is the most powerful image-editing software on the planet. It's often where Adobe puts its latest state-of-the-art features first, including its AI-powered Neural filters.

What are the negatives of photo manipulation? ›

Disadvantages of photo manipulation
  • It requires a lot of space on your laptop or computer.
  • Photoshop can be costly as its utilities are pricey.
  • It distorts the perception of people on beauty.
  • There are limitations to editing an old photo.
  • It is time consuming.

What are the issues with photo manipulation? ›

Photo Manipulation Negatively Distorts People's Perception of Body Images and Beauty According to McCue (2013), humans are visual creatures who often process information based on what they see. That being said, people receive and learn information through images and videos from various sources of media.

What is the benefits of image manipulation in 21st century? ›

In a nutshell, digital image manipulation can be used to hide flaws in any photograph and make it appear more presentable. According to the graphic designers and creative gurus who frequently use it, Photoshop image manipulation is a smart tool for discovering new artistic possibilities in this competitive world.

Which language is best for image manipulation? ›

And when it comes to data analysis, the only language that comes to our mind is Python. It is also the most preferred language for image processing because of its extensive set of libraries, which makes it very easy for developers to perform complex operations using simple lines of code.

How important image manipulation is in our daily life? ›

What Are The Benefits Of Image Manipulation? -Enhance your photo's appearance to the next level. -Use advanced graphics to convey a positive vibe. -Create a great logo as part of a graphic design project.

Who created the first manipulated photograph that we know of? ›

In 1841, William Henry Fox Talbot patented calotype, the first practical photographic process that created a negative that could generate multiple copies. Just five years later, in 1846, the first famous example of photo manipulation was documented by Talbot's colleague Calvert Richard Jones.

What is the history of photography history? ›

Photography was invented by Frenchman Nicéphore Niépce in 1822. Niépce developed a technique called heliography, which he used to create the world's oldest surviving photograph, View from the Window at Le Gras (1827). Heliography was conceived in response to camera obscura theories dating back to ancient history.

How did they edit photos before computers? ›

They had paint, ink and a trusty tool called an airbrush. Airbrushes are still widely used tools, in Fine Art and in the Makeup industry.

What is the purpose of photo editing? ›

Editing helps you get the best image possible, as close to what you imagined when you took the photo (or better perhaps). Niche photographers can hone and emphasize their personal style. And for businesses, editing helps cement branding. Photo editing is particularly important for ecommerce companies.

How did people edit photos before digital? ›

Photographs were retouched by hand using paint or ink, pieced together in the darkroom from separate photographs. Airbrushing as a term is still in use today, though the technique originated much earlier. All these required a degree of artistic skill and, for some, access to a darkroom.

What are the 5 most important dates in the history of photography? ›

Harvard's History of Photography Timeline
  • 1826: Nicéphore Niépce takes the first surviving permanent photograph.
  • 1839: Invention of the daguerreotype by Louis Jacques Mandé Daguerre is announced in Paris. ...
  • 1839: William Henry Fox Talbot publishes his photographic process in “Some Account of the Art of Photogenic Drawing"

Why is the history of photography important? ›

Photographs can provide glimpses into lives past, long-ago events, and forgotten places. They can help shape our understanding of culture, history, and the identity of the people who appear in them.

Did photo manipulation exist before digital technology? ›

Photo editing before Photoshop

In the 1920s, for example, Alexander Rodchenko used scissors and paste to assemble impossible collages from multiple photographs. Before the first consumer digital cameras, it was already possible to create computerised images by scanning physical pictures on a scanner.

What are the ethics of photo manipulation? ›

Editing should maintain the integrity of the photographic images' content and context. Do not manipulate images or add or alter sound in any way that can mislead viewers or misrepresent subjects. Do not pay sources or subjects or reward them materially for information or participation.

What do you call a person who edits photos? ›

A picture editor, also known as a photo editor, is a professional who collects, reviews, and chooses photographs and/or photo illustrations for publication in alignment with preset guidelines.

How did people take photos in the past? ›

The British inventor Fox Talbot produced his first successful photographic images in 1834, without a camera, by placing objects onto paper brushed with light-sensitive silver chloride, which he then exposed to sunlight.

What is considered the best type of image manipulation? ›

Today most professional image manipulation work is done using Photoshop.


1. Photo manipulation and history
(Sebastian ioan)
2. History of Retouching: From the First Photo to Facetune
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3. When does photo editing become unethical?
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4. In the days before Photoshop (1984) | Retro
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5. What is photo editing | Photo editing explanation | and history of photo editing | (in short)
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6. A Very Brief History of Photography Part III - Photo Manipulation
(Will Hare)
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