Edgar Degas: Sy lewe en werk (2022)

Edgar Degas was een van die belangrikste kunstenaars en skilders van die 19de eeu, en 'n belangrike figuur in die Impressionistiese Beweging, ondanks die feit dat hy die etiket verwerp het. Omstrede en beredeneerde, Degas was 'n moeilike man om persoonlik van te hou en het sterk geglo dat kunstenaars nie persoonlike verhoudings kan hê en nie moet hê om hul objektiewe siening van hul vakke te behou nie. Bekend vir sy skilderye van dansers, het Degas gewerk in 'n verskeidenheid modi en materiale, insluitend beeldhouwerk, en bly een van die invloedrykste skilders van die onlangse geskiedenis.

Vroeë jare

Gebore in Parys in 1834, geniet Degas 'n matige ryk lewenstyl. Sy familie het verbande gehad met die Creoolse kultuur van New Orleans en Haiti, waar sy oupa van ouma gebore is, en hul gesin se naam as "De Gas" gestempel. 'N Affektasie Degas is verwerp toe hy 'n volwassene geword het. Hy het die Lycée Louis-le-Grand ('n gesogte sekondêre skool in die 16de eeu) ​​in 1845 bygewoon; Na afloop van die opleiding wou hy kuns studeer, maar sy pa het van hom verwag om 'n prokureur te word. Degas het dus in 1853 pligsgetrou by die Universiteit van Parys aangesluit om reg te studeer.

Om te sê Degas was nie 'n goeie student sou 'n understatement wees nie, en 'n paar jaar later is hy toegelaat tot die École des Beaux-Arts en het hy begin met die studeer van kuns en tekenkuns, wat vinnig wys van sy ongelooflike talent. Degas was 'n natuurlike tekenaar wat akkurate, maar artistieke tekeninge van veelvuldige vakke met eenvoudige gereedskap kon lewer, 'n vaardigheid wat hom goed sal dien as hy sy eie styl verouder het, veral met sy werk wat dansers, kroegmense en ander mense voorspel het. onaangenaam in hul daaglikse lewe.

(Video) Biografía de Edgar Degas Resumida | Edgar Degas Biografía

In 1856 reis Degas na Italië, waar hy vir die volgende drie jaar gewoon het. In Italië het hy 'n vertroue in sy skildery ontwikkel; Belangriker, dit was in Italië dat hy begin werk het met sy eerste meesterstuk, 'n skildery van sy tannie en haar familie.

Die Bellelli-familie en geskiedenisverf

Degas het aanvanklik homself as 'n geskiedenisskilder gesien, 'n kunstenaar wat dramaties maar tradisioneel uit die geskiedenis uitgebeeld het. Sy aanvanklike studies en opleiding het hierdie klassieke tegnieke en vakke weerspieël. Gedurende sy tyd in Italië het Degas egter begin met realisme, 'n poging om die regte lewe te vertoon soos dit was, en sy portret van die Bellelli-familie is 'n merkwaardige en komplekse vroeë werk wat Degas as jong meester gemerk het.

Die portret was innoverend sonder om ontwrigtend te wees. Op die eerste oogopslag lyk dit of dit 'n konvensionele portret in min of meer konvensionele styl is, maar verskeie aspekte van die skildery se samestelling demonstreer die diep gedagte en subtiele Degas wat daaraan gebring word. Die feit dat die familie-patriarg, sy skoonvader, met sy rug na die kyker sit, terwyl sy vrou selfvertroue ver van hom staan, is ongewoon vir 'n familieportret van die tyd, terwyl dit baie oor hul verhouding impliseer en die man se status in die huishouding. Net so, die posisie en houding van die twee dogters - een ernstiger en volwasse, een 'n meer speelse "skakel" tussen haar twee verre ouers - sê baie oor hul verhouding met mekaar en hul ouers.

(Video) Bailarina que se Balancea de Edgar Degas | Arte de Degas

Degas het die komplekse sielkunde van die skildery gedeeltelik bereik deur elkeen afsonderlik te skets en dan saam te stel in 'n pose wat hulle nooit eintlik saamgestel het nie. Die skildery, wat in 1858 begin is, is eers tot 1867 voltooi.

Oorlog en New Orleans

In 1870 het oorlog tussen Frankryk en Pruise uitgebreek, en Degas het in die Franse Nasionale Wag diens, wat sy skildery onderbreek het. Hy is ook deur laer dokters ingelig dat sy sig arm was, iets wat Degas vir die res van sy lewe bekommerd maak.

Na die oorlog het Degas vir 'n tyd na New Orleans verskuif. Terwyl hy daar gewoon het, het hy een van sy bekendste werke, ' n katoenkantoor in New Orleans, geverf. Nog een keer het Degas mense geskets (insluitende sy broer, het 'n koerant en sy skoonpa in die voorpunt gelees) en dan die skildery opgestel soos hy dit goed gesien het. Sy toewyding tot realisme lewer 'n "momentopname"-effek ten spyte van die sorg wat in die beplanning van die skildery gegaan het, en ten spyte van die chaotiese, amper ewekansige oomblik wat uitgebeeld word ('n benadering wat Degas nou met die ontluikende Impressionistiese beweging verbind het), kan hy alles met mekaar verbind via kleur : Die witwand in die middel van die prent teken die oog van links na regs, wat al die figure in die spasie verenig.

(Video) Edgar Degas Ballet Series, Hand Embroidery

Die Inspirasie van Skuld

Degas se pa het in 1874 oorlede; sy dood het aan die lig gebring dat Degas se broer groot skuld ingesamel het. Degas het sy persoonlike kunsversameling verkoop om die skuld te bevredig, en begin met 'n meer besigheids-georiënteerde tydperk, wat vakke wat hy geweet het, sou verkoop. Ten spyte van die ekonomiese motivering het Degas die meeste van sy beroemdste werke gedurende hierdie tydperk geskep, veral sy baie skilderye wat ballerinas uitbeeld (alhoewel dit 'n onderwerp was waarop hy voorheen gewerk het, was die dansers gewild en het dit goed verkoop).

Een voorbeeld is die dansklas , wat in 1876 voltooi is (soms ook die balletklas genoem). Degas se toewyding tot realisme en die impressionistiese deugde om die oomblik vas te lê, word onderstreep deur sy tipiese besluit om 'n repetisie in plaas van 'n opvoering uit te beeld; Hy wou dansers wys as werkers wat 'n beroep beoefen teenoor die eteriese figure wat grasieus deur die ruimte beweeg. Sy meesterskap van tekenkuns het hom toegelaat om beweging moeiteloos te impliseer. Die dansers strek en verswak met uitputting, die onderwyser kan amper gesien word om sy stafie op die vloer te pond en die ritme te tel.

Impressionistiese of Realistiese?

Degas word gewoonlik gekrediteer as een van die stigters van die impressionistiese beweging, wat die formaliteit van die verlede ontwrig het en 'n doelwit nagestreef het om 'n oomblik betyds vas te lê, net soos die kunstenaar dit waargeneem het. Dit het klem gelê op die vang van lig in sy natuurlike toestand sowel as menslike figure in ontspanne, toevallige omstandighede, nie gestel nie, maar waargeneem. Degas self het hierdie etiket verwerp, en beskou sy werk as "realist" eerder. Degas het beswaar gemaak teen die sogenaamde "spontane" aard van impressionisme wat probeer het om oomblikke wat die kunstenaar in real-time getref het, vas te vang en te kla dat "geen kuns ooit minder spontaan was as myne nie."

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Ten spyte van sy betogings was realisme deel van die impressionistiese doel, en sy invloed was diep. Sy besluit om mense uit te beeld asof hulle nie bewus was daarvan om geverf te word nie, sy keuse van backstage en ander gewoonlik private instellings, en sy ongewone en dikwels ontstellende hoeke, het besonderhede gevat wat in die verlede geïgnoreer of getransformeer moes word - die vloerplanke in die dansklas , gespuit met water om traksie te verbeter, die uitdrukking van ligte belangstelling op sy skoonpa se gesig in die katoenkantoor, soos een Bellelli-dogter amper insolent lyk soos sy weier om saam met haar gesin te sit.

Die kuns van beweging

Degas word ook gevier vir sy vaardigheid om bewegings in 'n skildery uit te beeld. Dit is een van die rede waarom sy skilderye van dansers so gewild en gewaardeer is - en ook waarom hy 'n bekende beeldhouer sowel as 'n skilder was. Sy bekende beeldhouwerk, The Little Dancer Aged Fourteen , was kontroversieel in sy tyd vir beide die uiterste realisme wat hy in die vaslegging van balletstudent Marie van Goethem se vorm en eienskappe gebruik het, asook sy samestelling-was oor 'n skelet van verfkwas, insluitende regte klere . Die standbeeld dra ook 'n senuwee-postuur, 'n kombinasie van ongemaklike tiener-fidgeting en geïmpliseerde beweging wat die dansers in sy skilderye echo. Die beeldhouwerk is later in brons gegooi.

Dood en Legacy

Degas het anti-semitiese leunings dwarsdeur sy lewe gehad, maar die Dreyfus-affair, wat die valse oortuiging van 'n Franse weermagoffisier van Joodse afkoms vir verraad gehad het, het die leunings na vore gebring. Degas was 'n moeilike man om te hou en het 'n reputasie vir onbeskofheid en wreedheid gehad wat hom gesien het vriende en kennisse regdeur sy lewe. Soos sy gesig misluk het, het Degas opgehou werk in 1912 en die laaste paar jaar van sy lewe alleen in Parys deurgebring.

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Degas se artistieke evolusie in die loop van sy leeftyd was ontstellend. Om die Bellelli-familie te vergelyk om later te werk, kan mens duidelik sien hoe hy van realiteit van realiteit af beweeg het, om sy komposisies noukeurig te struktureer om oomblikke vas te lê. Sy klassieke vaardighede gekombineer met sy moderne sensibiliteit maak hom vandag baie invloedryk.

Edgar Degas Vinnige Feite

  • Gebore: 1834, Parys, Frankryk
  • Overleden: 1917, Parys, Frankryk (Ouderdom 83)
  • Lineage: Frans Creole, Frans
  • Groot werke: Die Bellelli-familie , ' n Katoenkantoor in New Orleans , Foyer de la Danse , Klein danser , die Balletklas
  • Artistieke Beweging: Impressionisme
  • Erfenis: Beskou een van die stigters van die impressionistiese beweging, 'n meester van subtiele samestelling en van die opneem van beweging.

Beroemde Kwotasies

  • "Jou foto's sal lankal klaar wees as ek nie elke dag gedwing word om iets te verdien om geld te verdien nie."
  • "Geen kuns was ooit minder spontaan as myne nie. Wat ek doen is die gevolg van refleksie en die studie van die groot meesters; van inspirasie, spontaniteit, temperament, ek weet niks nie. "
  • "Dit is goed en goed om te kopieer wat jy sien, maar dit is baie beter om net te teken wat in jou geheue bly. Dit is 'n transformasie waarin verbeelding en geheue saamwerk. "
  • "Wat 'n heerlike ding is die gesprek van spesialiste! 'N Mens verstaan ​​absoluut niks en dit is sjarmant. "

Bronne

  • > Armstrong, Carol. Odd Man Out: Leeswerk van die werk en reputasie van Edgar Degas. Getty Publications, 2003.
  • > Schenkel, Rut. Edgar Degas (1834-1917): Skilderkuns en Tekening | Opstel | Heilbrunn Tydlyn van Kunsgeskiedenis Die Metropolitaanse Museum van Kuns. "Die Met se Heilbrunn Tydlyn van Kunsgeskiedenis, metmuseum.org/toah/hd/dgsp/hd_dgsp.htm.
  • > Smith, Ryan P. "Een honderd jaar later het die gespanne realisme van Edgar Degas nog steeds besig." Smithsonian.com, Smithsonian Institution, 29 September 2017, www.smithsonianmag.com/arts-culture/100-years-later- gespanne realisme-edgar-degas-still-captivates-180965050 /.
  • > Gelt, Jessica. "Degas het slegs een beeldhouwerk in sy leeftyd gewys; Nou 70 het Gone On View. " Los Angeles Times , Los Angeles Times, 29 Nov. 2017, www.latimes.com/entertainment/arts/la-ca-cm-degas-norton-simon-20171203-htmlstory.html.

'N Moeilike Man

Edgar Degas was deur alle rekenings 'n moeilike man om te hou, maar sy genie om beweging en lig te vang, het sy werk onsterflik gemaak.

FAQs

What do you know about Degas evaluate one of his painting? ›

Degas experimented with an array of techniques, breaking up surface textures with hatching, contrasting dry pastel with wet, and using gouache and watercolors to soften the contours of his figures.

What was Edgar Degas most known for? ›

Degas is perhaps best known for painting ballet dancers. He was fascinated by them, and wanted to capture their grace and power. He often painted them backstage, getting ready for a performance. This little bronze sculpture of a dancer is a copy of a wax figure Degas made in 1880.

Which of the following is Edgar Degas known for quizlet? ›

Edgar Degas was a French artist famous for his paintings, sculptures, prints, and drawings.

What is Edgar Degas style of art? ›

Edgar Degas

What does it mean to Degas something? ›

Definition of degas

transitive verb. : to remove gas from degas an electron tube.

How did Edgar Degas show movement in his artworks? ›

Using the dramatic sweep of the singer's hand and the impression of a long, operatic vibrato note, Degas truly conveyed the full sense of a single moment, combining movement, energy, and even sound.

What were the main subject of Impressionist painting? ›

Historical subjects, religious themes, and portraits were valued; landscape and still life were not. The Académie preferred carefully finished images that looked realistic when examined closely. Paintings in this style were made up of precise brush strokes carefully blended to hide the artist's hand in the work.

What was the theme of the painting made by the French artist? ›

Answer. Answer: He was a French artist famous for a series of four prints prepared in 1848 that visualised the dream of a world consisting of 'Democratic and Social Republics'. The first print of the painting shows the people of Europe and America marching towards the Statue of Liberty and paying homage to it.

What is the meaning of Impressionism in arts? ›

What is Impressionism? Impressionism describes a style of painting developed in France during the mid-to-late 19th century; characterizations of the style include small, visible brushstrokes that offer the bare impression of form, unblended color and an emphasis on the accurate depiction of natural light.

What is realism in art appreciation? ›

realism, in the arts, the accurate, detailed, unembellished depiction of nature or of contemporary life. Realism rejects imaginative idealization in favour of a close observation of outward appearances. As such, realism in its broad sense has comprised many artistic currents in different civilizations.

Why were Realist artist drawn to their subject matter? ›

Why were Realist artists drawn to their subject matter? They wanted to record the life of everyday people and everyday activities.

What is the focus of The Woodlands art? ›

It explores the relationships between people, animals, and plants, and is rich with spiritual imagery and symbolism. The traditional style of Woodland Art was developed as a mix of the Midewiwin birch bark scrolls and the imagery of Norval Morrisseau, the founder of Woodland Art.

Who was Edgar Degas inspired by? ›

Edgar Degas

What is Edgar Degas most famous piece? ›

#1 The Absinthe Drinker

The most famous painting by Edgar Degas is a representation of the increasing social isolation in Paris during its stage of rapid growth. It depicts a woman staring dully with a glass of Absinthe in front of her.

What medium does Edgar Degas use? ›

Edgar Degas

How do you Degas a solution? ›

Degassing by vacuum is the most common way to remove air from a buffer solution. Place your solution in a side-arm flask with a stir bar and use a rubber stopper to seal off the top. Place the flask on a stir plate and turn the plate on so the stir bar is spinning at a medium speed.

How long does degassed water last? ›

The flask is then closed and warmed until the solvent has completely melted. This process is repeated (usually three times) and after the last cycle the flask is backfilled with an inert gas. Degassed solvent in a sealed Schlenk flask can usually be kept for 1-2 days.

How do you remove gas from water? ›

Vacuum Degassing Method

Vacuum deaerators, also known as vacuum degasifiers, is a water degassing system that uses a vertical pressure vessel, multiple vacuum stages and vacuum pumps to continuously remove objectionable gases from liquids.

What is the area of the artwork that appears closest to the viewer? ›

The area of the picture space nearest to the viewer, immediately behind the picture plane, is known as the foreground.

What is the name of the movement that uses dots of different colors? ›

pointillism, also called divisionism and chromo-luminarism, in painting, the practice of applying small strokes or dots of colour to a surface so that from a distance they visually blend together.

How do you pronounce Degas in English? ›

How to Pronounce Edgar Degas? (CORRECTLY) - YouTube

Why is it called Impressionism? ›

Claude Monet's Impression, Sunrise (Musée Marmottan Monet, Paris) exhibited in 1874, gave the Impressionist movement its name when the critic Louis Leroy accused it of being a sketch or “impression,” not a finished painting.

What inspired Impressionism? ›

The Impressionists were inspired by Manet's example to follow their own creative paths, and while their subject-matter was generally less outrageous than Manet's nude picnic, his pioneering work cleared the space necessary for them to work in the way they wanted to.

What have you learned about the Impressionism? ›

Impressionism 1860 - 1890, France

The Impressionists were a group of artists renowned for their innovative painting techniques and approach to using color in art. Impressionism was the first movement in the canon of modern art and had a massive effect on the development of art in the 20th century.

What was the theme of the painting? ›

What is Theme in Art? The definition of theme in art is the message that the artist wishes to convey through the artwork. Theme is not simply the subject matter of the piece of art; rather, it is the abstract idea being portrayed by both the artist's design and the subject matter that is created.

What was the main aim of French Revolution? ›

The French Revolution was a period of major social upheaval that began in 1787 and ended in 1799. It sought to completely change the relationship between the rulers and those they governed and to redefine the nature of political power.

Who was Frederic Sorrieu Class 10 very short answer? ›

Answer: Frederic Sorrieu was a French painter and lithographer who was born in 1824. He studied at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris, and his work includes engraver, printmaker, and draughtsman. In 1848, he created a four-print series depicting his vision of a world populated by democratic and socialist republics.

What is Impressionism answer? ›

Impressionism is a style of painting developed in France between 1870 and 1900 which concentrated on showing the effects of light on things rather than on clear and exact detail.

What are the main focuses of realism? ›

Realism focused on the truthful treatment of the common, average, everyday life. Realism focuses on the immediate, the here and now, the specific actions and their verifiable consequences. Realism seeks a one-to-one relationship between representation and the subject. This form is also known as mimesis.

Why is realism important in art? ›

Realism offers artists a starting point from which they can launch themselves into an infinite number of artistic styles. When you understand how to faithfully render what is in front of you in a way that expresses the reality of those objects, you can begin to bend and shift the realities into something more abstract.

What were the aims of realism art? ›

Realism revolted against the exotic subject matter and the exaggerated emotionalism and drama of the Romantic movement. Instead, it sought to portray real and typical contemporary people and situations with truth and accuracy, and not avoiding unpleasant or sordid aspects of life.

How did realism affect society? ›

Summary of Realism

Working in a chaotic era marked by revolution and widespread social change, Realist painters replaced the idealistic images and literary conceits of traditional art with real-life events, giving the margins of society similar weight to grand history paintings and allegories.

What was the goal of Realist writers and artists? ›

The main goal of realism was to depict the positives and negatives of everyday life, particularly in the middle class.

What are the characteristics of realism in art? ›

As we defined above, Realism art characteristics included:
  • Rejecting Romantic ideals.
  • Representing subjects “as they were”
  • Focusing on everyday people, settings, and situations.
  • Responding to a new national emphasis on French workers.
5 Jun 2022

Who created woodland art? ›

Origin. The style was founded by Norval Morrisseau (Bingwi Neyaashi Anishinaabe), a First Nations Ojibwe artist from Northern Ontario, Canada. He learned Ojibwe history and culture primarily from his grandfather Moses "Potan" Nanakonagos and in the 1950s collected oral history of his community.

Who is the most prominent or well known indigenous First Nations Woodlands School artist? ›

Morrisseau was a self-taught artist of Ojibwe ancestry. He is best known for originating the Woodland School style in contemporary Indigenous art. His deep spirituality and cultural connections guided his career, which spanned five decades.

When looking at modern art What should the viewer understand? ›

When looking at modern art, what should the viewer understand? Modern art reflects changes following World War I. What controversy surrounded some of the modern art that was produced? Critics did not consider it art because of its non-traditional subject matter.

How many paintings did Degas paint? ›

Edgar Degas - 626 artworks - painting.

What was Edgar Degas first painting? ›

Around 1867-68, Degas painted his first ballet related work. This initial painting represented Miss Fiocre, a ballerina. He became more fascinated by theater and performing arts and painted several portraits of musicians such as “The Orchestra at the Opera.”

What did Edgar Degas use to paint? ›

Acknowledged as one of the finest draftsmen of his age, Degas experimented with a wide variety of media, including oil, pastel, gouache, etching, lithography, monotype, wax modeling, and photography.

What was the theme of the painting made by the French artist? ›

Answer. Answer: He was a French artist famous for a series of four prints prepared in 1848 that visualised the dream of a world consisting of 'Democratic and Social Republics'. The first print of the painting shows the people of Europe and America marching towards the Statue of Liberty and paying homage to it.

How do you pronounce Degas in English? ›

How to Pronounce Edgar Degas? (CORRECTLY) - YouTube

How much is a Degas painting worth? ›

Edgar Degas's work has been offered at auction multiple times, with realized prices ranging from 4 USD to 41,610,000 USD, depending on the size and medium of the artwork.

Who painted the scream? ›

The National Museum in Oslo holds one of the world's most important collections of paintings by Edvard Munch, including such iconic works as "The Scream". These works are available for the public in The National Museum.

What is Edgar Degas most famous piece? ›

#1 The Absinthe Drinker

The most famous painting by Edgar Degas is a representation of the increasing social isolation in Paris during its stage of rapid growth. It depicts a woman staring dully with a glass of Absinthe in front of her.

What medium does Edgar Degas use? ›

Edgar Degas

Who inspired Edgar Degas? ›

Edgar Degas

Why is the principle of variety used? ›

Variety is a principle added by the Artist to create interest by using art elements like Shapes, Color or Lines, etc., by placing them at a different place, position, or angle in an Artwork. If a particular theme is the basis of the artwork adding variety to the composition may be limited.

Why did Edgar Degas use pastels? ›

The monotype established the basic compositional structure; by adding pastel, as in Dancer Onstage with a Bouquet (c. 1876), Degas enhanced the expressive qualities of the image. The pastel accentuates the way the light from the footlights illuminates the dancer's face and transforms it into a mask-like presence.

What type of pastels did Degas use? ›

Degas, one of the founders of the Impressionist movement, was a faithful customer, using Roche pastels in a famous series of ballet dancers.

What was the theme of the painting? ›

What is Theme in Art? The definition of theme in art is the message that the artist wishes to convey through the artwork. Theme is not simply the subject matter of the piece of art; rather, it is the abstract idea being portrayed by both the artist's design and the subject matter that is created.

What was the main aim of French Revolution? ›

The French Revolution was a period of major social upheaval that began in 1787 and ended in 1799. It sought to completely change the relationship between the rulers and those they governed and to redefine the nature of political power.

Who was Frederic Sorrieu Class 10 very short answer? ›

Answer: Frederic Sorrieu was a French painter and lithographer who was born in 1824. He studied at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris, and his work includes engraver, printmaker, and draughtsman. In 1848, he created a four-print series depicting his vision of a world populated by democratic and socialist republics.

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