Here we provide the definitive overview of the different types of fabrics commonly used in dress shirts. By understanding what the different weaves mean for a fabric you can be sure to find the ideal dress shirt fabric for your needs.
Broadcloth—often referred to aspoplin–is a tightly woven fabric with a very simple over-under weave and very littlesheen, which makes it nice and professional. Broadcloths are great for guys looking for as little texture as possible in their fabrics. They are generally a thinner, lighter fabric. Particularly,white broadcloth fabricscan be slightly transparent. Broadcloths generally wear the smoothest out of all weaves thanks to their lack of texture, but can also be the most prone to wrinkling.
Learn more about broadcloth fabrics here or browse our selection of broadcloth fabrics here.
Broadcloth Dress Shirt Fabric
Twill fabrics areeasily recognizable because they will show diagonal weave or texture. The diagonal effect can range from very fine, subtle twills to much larger Imperial or Cavalry twills. Twills will almost always have a bit of shine, though the degree can depend on the weave, color, and cotton used.Twillis an extremely tight weave, that can come in extremely high thread counts, some of which might be mistaken for silk. Because of the diagonal texture twill is a bit softer than broadcloth and will drape more easily. Twill won’t give you the same “crisp” look that freshly pressed broadcloth can, but it’s relatively easy to iron and resistant to wrinkles.
Learn more about twill fabrics here or browse our selection of twill fabrics here.
Twill Dress Shirt Fabric
Pinpoint(also referred to aspinpoint oxford) has the same weave as oxford cloth, although it uses a finer yarn and tighter weave. It is more formal than oxford cloth, but less formal than broadcloth or twill. Think of them as great everyday work shirts, but not necessarily the first recommendationfor special events. Pinpoint fabrics are generally not transparent and are slightly heavier and thicker than broadcloths. Because of their heavier construction, pinpoints are fairly durable fabrics. Optfor a twill or broadcloth if you’re looking for a formal shirt.
Learn more about pinpoint fabrics here or browse our selection of pinpoint fabrics here.
Pinpoint Dress Shirt Fabric
Chambray is a plain weave fabric. That means it has a similar construction to broadcloth, though it is generally made with heavier yarns for a more relaxed or workwear appeal. Generally there will be white threads running in the weft/width direction such that the fabric has an inconsistent color to it. This could be compared to an end-on-end, though chambray is generally much heavier and more appropriate for casual wear than dress.
Browse our selection of chambray fabrics here
We all know denim as the fabric of our jeans. But construction wise, denim is a twill fabric. A sturdy, possibly coarser twill often dyed with indigo. For the most part though, when it comes to denim shirting, you’re mostly going to find much softer, lighter versions of the fabric than what your jeans are made of. Denim shirting can come in many forms but generally have adifferent color on the inside than the outside.
Browse our selection of denim and chambray fabrics here.
Denim Shirting Fabric
Dobby (which is very similar to Jacquard, although technically different) can vary widely. Some versions are quite similar to broadcloth in terms of thickness and weight, while others can be thicker or woven to almost look like twill. Many dobby fabrics have stripes woven into them, although some are solid colors. The solid colors tend to have a faint stripe or dotted patterns woven in the same color as the base cloth.
Learn more about dobby fabrics here or browse our dobby fabrics here.
Dobby Dress Shirt Fabric
End-on-end broadcloths are a very popular type of dress shirt fabric with a distinct contrast coloring. Woven with colored thread in the warp and white thread in the weft, it looks like a true solid from a distance, but has more texture when seen from up close. Typically a lighter weight fabric, it’s a great choice for those living in warmer climates.
Browse our End-on-End fabrics here.
End on End Dress Shirt Fabric
A fall/winter favorite. Flannels are warm, fuzzy fabrics that are most often brushed twill or brushed poplinfabrics. While they’re most regularly 100% cotton, they sometimes can come in cotton/wool, and even cotton/cashmere blends for added warmth. Usually made in thicker weaves, these are decidedly casual fabrics that are great for cold weather.
Browse our selection of flannel fabrics here.
Melange fabrics can come in every sortofweave–poplin, twill, royal oxford, etc–and are wovenusing multi-colored yarns. Each yarn will be dyed this way, most often with 2-3 subtlety different hues. These unique yarns can help achieve a heathered, intentionally inconsistent, somewhat organic look. Melange fabrics are different than Mouline fabrics, as Mouline fabrics are made from consistent, one-color yarns that are twisted together to achieve a multi-color look.
Browse our selection of melange fabrics here.
Melange Dress Shirt Fabric
Oxford Cloth is very similar to pinpoint oxford, except it uses a slightly heavier thread and looser weave. It has a slightly rougher texture but is more durable than most fabrics. It’s composed of a symmetrical basketweave where one yarn may cross two yarns. Originally developed for sportswear, so it’s the least dressy, and (in some circles) not considered appropriate for office or formal wear. Oxford cloth hasalways been a staple in traditional American button down poloshirts. It can be worn slightly wrinkled straight from the dryer and still look great.
Learn more about oxford cloth here or browse our selection of oxford cloth here.
Oxford Cloth Shirt Fabric
Poplin is so similar to Broadcloth that we decided not to distinguish between the two in our fabric descriptions. For all practical purposes you can equate the two. They are both a plain weave fabric that is going to be quite thin, smooth and flat. That said, technically Poplin is different than Broadcloth in that Poplins can have different weight yarns in the warp and weft while broadcloths will have a a symmetrical construction. For example, broadcloths could be 100/2×100/2 (meaning 100s two-ply in the warp and weft) while a poplin could be 100/2×60/1 (meaning 100s two-ply in the warp and 60s single-ply in the weft).
Browse our selection of poplin fabrics here.
Poplin Dress Shirt Fabric
Royal Oxfordis what we call a “pretty fabric”. Although the name is similar, it is not at all similar to pinpoint oxford or oxford cloth. It is a dressy fabric with a distinctive shine and texture. With a more prominent weave than broadcloth or pinpoint, it’s ideal for those interested in a dress or formal shirt with visible texture.
Learn more about royal oxford fabrics here orbrowse our selection of royal oxford fabrics here.
Royal Oxford Dress Shirt Fabric
Herringbone shirts are popular, more textured shirts for both dress and casual wear. Herringbone is essentially a twill that is mirrored when woven to create the sort of chevron, “V-shaped” look. The fabric’s name comes from its resemblance to the bones of a herring fish.
Browse our selection of herringbone fabrics here.
Herringbone (Twill) Dress Shirt Fabric
Seersucker is a fabric primarily used to make shirts for warm weather, and is known for its distinctive puckered appearance. This puckered look is created in the finishing of the fabric, after it’s woven, and helps to promote air flow while being worn. This helps make seersucker very comfortable in the summer. While seersucker fabrics can come in any color or pattern, blue striped seersucker is most popular.
Browse our selection of seersucker fabrics here.
Seersucker Shirting Fabric
Linen fabrics are incredibly breathable and, like seersucker, typically made to be wornin hot climates. Linen is made from fiber of the flax plant, and can be very labor intensive to produce. Typically linen will be more looselywoven and sheer than most cotton shirts, and has a very unique dry hand to it that is unlike cotton.Linen also tends to wrinkle more easily than cotton and generally feels much more relaxed because of this. While we love the look and feel of linen, some people prefer cotton/linen blended shirts as you can achieve much of the coolness of a linen shirt while reducing the wrinkling.
Browse our selection of linen fabrics here.
Linen Dress Shirt Fabric
Egyptian, Sea Island, and American Pima Cotton
When you hear about Egyptian, Sea Island, or American Pima cotton you should know that this is not referring to the type of weave, but to the type of cotton used to make the weave. For practical purposes, Pima cotton, Sea Island and Egyptian cottonare all cottons derivedfrom originally the same plant: Gossypium Barbadense. These aremore desirable cotton because they are typically “extra-long staple length” cottons (length greater than 1 3/8″),which allows them to be spuninto finer, stronger yarns.
All three of these cottons are typically regarded as high-end, luxury raw goods. Egyptian and American Pima will be the most readily available, while Sea Island cotton is well-known for being incredibly rare. Often, American Pima will be woven into fabrics of a slightly lower quality than Egyptian as it is not as clean of a fiber, despite having similar staple lengths.
There is also a famous, rare form of Egyptian cotton called “Giza 45” that is specially used for some of the world’s finest shirting fabrics–notably Thomas Mason Goldline fabrics. This is a highly acclaimed form of cotton found in a particular portion of the Nile Delta, that can be woven to produce incredibly fine yet strong yarns. Fabric made from Giza 45 cotton tends not to degrade over time as much as other Egyptian or American Pima cottons.
Accounting for just .0004% of the cotton supply available, Sea Island Cotton is the rarest in the world. What makes Sea Island Cotton so desirable is it’s unique combination of characteristics: extra long staple length, remarkable fiber strength, incredibly uniform growth, and a significant brightness in color.
While other high-end shirting cottons like Egyptian cotton and American Pima can boast extra-long staple length above 1 3/8″, it’s Sea Island Cotton’s durability, consistency, vibrant color, and silky luster that makes it different from these. The uniformity, strength, and “hairlessness” of the fiber allows fabric woven from it to last an incredible long time, and actually become smoother each time they’re laundered.
The best Sea Island Cotton comes from Barbados because incredibly uniform, humid climate of the island allows for the cotton plants to grow in a consistent way throughout the year. The cotton in Barbados is also picked by hand to ensure the highest quality levels.
Making matters a bit confusing, there are trademarks filed around the names “Sea Island” and “Supima”. Keep an eye out for “Certified Sea Island Cotton” vs. “Sea Island Quality”, as only the former will be authentic and it’s something we often see on the market.
Learn more about Sea Island Cotton dress shirtsor browse our selection ofSea Island Cottonfabrics here.
Egyptian Cotton Dress Shirt Fabric
If everything else is the same (weave, ply, mill, and type of cotton), higher thread count means a smoother, silkier, more expensive fabric.Thread count is often referred to with a number like 50s, 80s, 100s, 120s, 140s, 170s, etc up to 330s. These numbers refer to the yarn size, but keep in mind that typically a thread count above 100 will imply a 2-ply fabric.
Though there are some exceptions when extremely fine single ply yarns are used, these higher number thread counts will be two yarns twisted together. For example, 120’s thread count means that two 60’s yarns are twisted together. Generally this fabric will be more durable than a 60’s single ply, but it won’t necessarily be smoother. 140’s thread counts are typically two 70’s yarns twisted together. And so on and so forth
While thread count can be an indicator of quality, remember that ply, mill, and qualityof cotton will have just as much to do with how luxurious the fabric is.
Two Ply vs Single Ply
Ply is how many yarns are twisted together to make a single thread. Shirting fabrics are most often two-ply or single ply. Two-ply means that two yarns are twisted together to make a single thread that is then woven into the fabric. (Note that this is not at all like two-ply toilet paper!). Two-ply fabrics are generally superior to single-ply fabrics in their durability. Three-ply fabrics are rare, but can be found occasionally.
When it comes to dress shirt materials, cotton is popular because it's the most breathable, durable and comfortable of the three. Also, the strength of cotton fibers makes the fabric amenable to a variety of weave styles and thread counts.
Shirting fabric is a soft, plain weave fabric, generally made of cotton or a cotton blended with a synthetic. You will also sometimes find shirtings with linen in the fiber content. All of these are easy to sew; in fact, shirting is an excellent fabric for beginners! It responds well to a variety of sewing techniques.What fabric is used for formal shirts? ›
What fabric is used for formal shirts? About 85-90 percent of quality formal shirts are made of cotton. Linen is a promising fabric that provides much more comfort than cotton. Not just for summer, it is becoming more and more popular in fashion.How many meters of cloth is required for a shirt? ›
|Fabric Width 44 Inches||Fabric Width 56 - 60 Inches|
|Scarf||1.25 Meters||1 Meters|
|Men's Shirt||2 Meters||1.75 Meter|
|Men's Sherwani||3.50 Meter||3 Meters|
|Mens' Churidar/ Pants||2.5 Meters||1.75 Meters|
Generally, it's best to think of formal shirts as both smooth and fine. Buy something cut from poplin (aka broadcloth), end-on-end or twill. Each has different defining characteristics — poplin gets softer and finer as quality increases while twill gets more opaque — but these are the three best options in my opinion.What is the most comfortable shirt fabric? ›
Cotton is the world's most comfortable fabric due to its exceptional breathability, weightlessness, and softness. It is also the most used fabric of all time.What is shirting used for? ›
Shirting fabric is a kind of primarily cotton or cotton blend cloth used to make shirts. These fabrics should be breathable, durable, pleasant to the touch, and comfortable to wear all year round.What does shirting mean? ›
Definition of shirting
: fabric suitable for shirts.
Men's Dress Shirt Construction Tutorial - YouTubeWhat material is shirts made of? ›
Most T-shirts are made out of cotton, and there are different types of cotton (combed cotton, organic cotton, pima cotton, slub cotton etc.) to pick from. Other popular T-shirt fabric picks are rayon, lycra, linen and polyester.
This type of cotton is the highest quality cotton available. It is soft, durable, resists pilling, fading, and stretching. If your brand is high-end, this is the high-quality t-shirt fabric for you.
For cotton/polyester blends the hand (softness or feel) of the dress shirt is different than a 100% cotton shirt . Synthetic fibers are not as strong, breathable or comfortable as cotton and they drastically shorten the lifespan of a shirt. For those of you who take starch, polyester blend shirts will not hold starch.How much cotton is needed for a shirt? ›
|Item||Est. Cotton Required|
|1 Man's Shirt||.6 lbs. (10 oz.)|
|1 T-Shirt||.5 lbs. (8 oz.)|
|1 Skirt||.9 lbs (14 oz.)|
|1 Bath Towel||.6 lbs (10 oz.)|
|UP TO 5′ FEET 10″ INCHES (182.85 CM)||3.75 METER (147 CM WIDTH FABRIC)|
|UPTO 6′ FEET (182.88 CM)||4 METER (147 CM WIDTH FABRIC)|
For making 12 shirts, 22 meters of cloths is needed.What is a solid dress shirt? ›
Semi-Solid - Stripe - Check Shirt Fabrics & Weaves - YouTubeWhich tie is best for white shirt? ›
Since a white shirt provides basically a blank canvas, you can wear just about any color tie. That said, if you want to keep a conservative look, stick to reds, blues, and dark greens.What shirt material lasts the longest? ›
One of the most important qualities is durability. Of the most common fabric types used in t-shirts, polyester is generally the most durable. 100% cotton, cotton/polyester blends, and cotton/polyester/rayon blends are also good choices for this resilient wardrobe staple.What is the best shirt material for hot weather? ›
Cotton is one of the best fabrics for summer and hot weather. Not only is it cheap and hugely available, but it is also great for the heat. Cotton is soft, lightweight, breathable, and soaks up sweat, allowing heat to escape the body and for you to stay cool.What type of shirt is soft? ›
The softest t-shirt material is tri-blend fabric. This material blends three kinds of fibers to create a texture that feels light and silky against the skin. The most common blend of fibers in a tri-blend fabric is 50% polyester, 25% cotton, and 25% rayon.
What is a poplin shirt? You won't be surprised to learn that a poplin shirt is a shirt that's made from cotton poplin fabric, sometimes with a blend of other fabrics for added benefits. It's a smooth, crisp and tightly woven fabric that uses fine yarns and a simple weave.What is a pinpoint dress shirt? ›
Pinpoint Oxford, commonly called just “pinpoint” for short is a very popular dress shirt fabric type. It's both dressy and durable. It has a bit of a matte, crisp finish, though not as silky and flat (thin) as broadcloth, and definitely not as shiny as royal oxford or twill.Why is it called a shirt? ›
A T-shirt, or tee shirt, was originally worn only by men as an undershirt. Now it is defined as a short-sleeved, collarless undershirt or any outer shirt of a similar design. It got its name because it resembles the capital letter T in shape.What we called shirt in English? ›
countable noun. A shirt is a piece of clothing that you wear on the upper part of your body. Shirts have a collar, sleeves, and buttons down the front. 2. See also dress shirt, stuffed shirt, sweatshirt, T-shirt.What is difference between shirt and T-shirt? ›
First things first, and just in case, shirts are mainly long-sleeved compared to T-shirts' short sleeves. That said, you do of course get short sleeved shirts in which case the main difference with T-shirts is the collar and front opening with buttons. Shirts are worn to more formal occasions.What makes a quality shirt? ›
It should look of equal quality. No loose threads, no chain stitch, great stitch tension and a high stitch per inch count. Not only does a high stitch per inch count make for a longer lasting shirt, due to stitches not catching and breaking on sharp objects. It also makes for sharper lines and tighter seams.How many parts are in a shirt? ›
|Parts' name (Men's shirt)||No. of components in each part|
|Collar and collar band||2+2|
- Buy Quality Pieces. ...
- Use a Delicates Bag. ...
- Carry a Stain Removal Pen. ...
- Wash Less. ...
- Don't Dry Clean Often. ...
- Get it right in the washing machine. ...
- Reduce the Amount of Detergent. ...
- Wash Dark Clothing Inside Out.
There are nine major types of raw materials commonly used in clothing today.What fabric is used for dresses? ›
Three of the most popular materials for dresses are cotton, polyester, and rayon. Cotton and polyester make lots of different types of fabric depending on the weave and color of threads used. Rayon makes a silky, lightweight material perfect for summer dresses.
For many years, custom clothing manufacturers from China have been the most popular, with companies that produce all types of clothing for dropshipping and online resale. But it's important to note that the quality of the products from an overseas clothing manufacturer might not be as high as domestic.What is the highest grade of cotton? ›
Pima is considered the finest cotton on earth. As an extra-long staple (ESL) cotton, its long fibers make it extra soft and extra strong.What is luxury cotton? ›
ELS cottons, such as Sea Island, Indian Suvin and Egyptian Giza 45, are considered the most luxurious, making them highly prized and the most expensive of all the cottons. These varieties are hand-picked and very scarce.What shirt material is coolest? ›
And the winner is…
The winner and the material with the highest effusivity in our study was a fabric made of 95% cotton and 5% spandex. If you want something to feel cool on your skin on a hot day, this is the best choice.
Which T-shirt material should you choose? Go with 100% cotton if you want shirts that are soft, comfortable, breathable, gentle on the skin, non-clingy, and can be customized with any method. Cotton tees are popular with everyone, so it's a safe bet.Which is better cotton or polyester? ›
Polyester is stronger than cotton, due to its chemical makeup, with a greater ability to stretch. Polyester is hydrophobic and for this reason, fabrics made with polyester don't absorb perspiration. Cotton on the other hand absorbs moisture. Cotton is more breathable than polyester and also extremely hypoallergenic.Which fabric is best for men? ›
Polyester and Nylon
It's softer, more comfortable, and just looks better than earlier generations of the fabric. It's ideal for use in gear and apparel, as it is extremely durable and long-lasting. The fabric's breathability is determined by how tightly woven it is and the size of the yarn.
One kilogram fabric may produce 4.5 t-shirts. Regular round neck t-shirt half sleeves weigh around 165~170 grams, and from one kg of Fabric, 4.5 t-shirts are possible, so a recovery in garments from fabric is 75%.How shirts are made step by step? ›
How T-Shirts Are Made In America | From The Ground Up - YouTubeWhat's the price of cotton? ›
The average price received by farmers for Upland cotton in July was 91.30 cents per pound in the 2021-2022 marketing year. The 2020-2021 marketing year average price was 66.30 cents, compared to the 2019-2020 marketing year of 59.60 cents, according to the National Agricultural Statistics Service, USDA.
Around 3.5 metres of cloth should be good for a standard two-piece suit Or alternatively, 4 metres if you want the waistcoat too.How much cloth is required to stitch a pant? ›
Normally 1.3 meters of fabric is considered as the standard length for an average height of people.How many meters of cloth is required for Kurta for men? ›
|Fabric Width 44 Inches||Fabric Width 56 - 60 Inches|
|Scarf||1.25 Meters||1 Meters|
|Men's Shirt||2 Meters||1.75 Meter|
|Men's Sherwani||3.50 Meter||3 Meters|
|Mens' Churidar/ Pants||2.5 Meters||1.75 Meters|
For a long-sleeve shirt, you'll need 2 3/4 yards of 45-inch-wide fabric (or wider). For a short-sleeve shirt, you'll need 2 1/4 yards of 45-inch-wide fabric (or wider).How much cloth will be used in making 6 shirts if each required 2 1 4 m of cloth allowing 1 8m for waste in cutting and finishing in each shirt? ›
Hence , 1414 m cloth will be used in makng 6 shirts.What is the shirt size 2.25 m means? ›
Width- 58 inches ( 147 centimetres) Length- You will get continuous length of 2.25 Meter. - Ideal for Stitching Size 36/ 38/ 40/ 42/ 44 Full Half Sleeve Shirts.Is polyester a good dress shirt material? ›
For cotton/polyester blends the hand (softness or feel) of the dress shirt is different than a 100% cotton shirt . Synthetic fibers are not as strong, breathable or comfortable as cotton and they drastically shorten the lifespan of a shirt. For those of you who take starch, polyester blend shirts will not hold starch.Is poplin good for a dress shirt? ›
Poplin is an excellent fabric for warm-weather dress shirts. It dyes and bleaches well, which makes it a popular choice for printed or patterned clothing. It's light enough to get its wearer through a warm day in comfort while still looking professional and polished.What is the difference between poplin and Oxford shirt? ›
The Poplin fabric is produced using a simple over/under weave. The yarns tend to be finer and the weave is tighter than the Oxford. The resulting fabric has a smoother texture and offers increased softness and a better ability to drape.What is a twill shirt vs a poplin shirt? ›
Poplin vs Twill
Both weaves are soft and durable, but poplin is light, thin and smooth, whereas twill is thicker and heavier. They are strong materials, however poplin is often softer and more breathable. Poplin is generally better for the hotter months of the year, while twill will keep you warmer during winter.
Which T-shirt material should you choose? Go with 100% cotton if you want shirts that are soft, comfortable, breathable, gentle on the skin, non-clingy, and can be customized with any method. Cotton tees are popular with everyone, so it's a safe bet.How can you tell the quality of a shirt? ›
Colour Bleeding: Open the knot and check to see if the colour from the garment has stained the white cloth, if not then it's safe to assume that the t-shirt is colour fast. b. Colour Fading: Check if the t-shirt looks faded post wash.Which is better cotton or polyester? ›
Polyester is stronger than cotton, due to its chemical makeup, with a greater ability to stretch. Polyester is hydrophobic and for this reason, fabrics made with polyester don't absorb perspiration. Cotton on the other hand absorbs moisture. Cotton is more breathable than polyester and also extremely hypoallergenic.Are twill dress shirts formal? ›
Pinpoint fabrics are generally not transparent and are slightly heavier and thicker than broadcloths. Because of their heavier construction, pinpoints are fairly durable fabrics. Opt for a twill or broadcloth if you're looking for a formal shirt.What is twill fabric dress shirt? ›
A twill is made by weaving each warp and weft threads over and under two vertical threads to create a distinctive diagonal pattern. Twill fabric is softer and thicker than poplin, and is also resistant to creases and easy to iron. It drapes very well, creating a great shirt fabric.Is twill shirt formal? ›
A simple, solid color twill dress shirt is extremely dressy and fit for any formal occasion.
For a look that is decidedly more casual than either poplin or twill, Oxford is a thick fabric produced by weaving thick yarn in a basket weave. As a preferred option during the colder fall and winter months, Oxford is ideal for casual shirts for that polished, refined look.What is dobby shirt? ›
Dobby, or dobbie, is a woven fabric produced on the dobby loom, characterised by small geometric patterns and extra texture in the cloth. The warp and weft threads may be the same colour or different. Satin threads are particularly effective in this kind of weave as their texture will highlight the pattern. Dobby.What is Oxford dress shirt? ›
The name Oxford refers to a type of cloth originally made in Scotland. It's heavier and has a rougher weave (also sometimes known as a basket weave) than other types of shirts, which means it's sometimes more durable. Oxford cloth tends to hold its shape well and is often stiffer than other types of fabric too.What is the difference between cotton and cotton poplin fabric? ›
Traditionally poplin was a plain weave constructed using fine silk warp yarns, filled in with a heavier wool yarn. This is how it gets the classic ribbed texture. Today, poplin fabric is primarily made from 100% real cotton, making it lightweight but still retaining the strength.
Today, poplin is primarily made from 100% real cotton, making it lightweight but still retaining its strength. Other variations include wool, silk, satin, rayon or a poly blend fabric, but the basic concept remains the same; 2 yarns of different thicknesses in a plain weave.What is poplin used for? ›
| What is poplin? Poplin is a plain weave cotton fabric with very fine horizontal “ribs” that results in a strong, crisp fabric with a silky, lustrous surface. It is commonly used in men's and women's shirts, women's dresses, and items like sportswear and raincoats.